Cricket Australia

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Glossary

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A-C

Appeal
A claim that a batter is out, made by the person making the play. Umpires will not signal some dismissals unless appealed to, by the appropriate player.
bat-and-pad catch
A shot that hits a batter's leg (pad) and is caught by a fielder BEFORE it touches the ground. A clear dismissal.
Batting Average
The average number of earned runs scored by a batter, defined as total runs scored divided by number of times the batter was 'out'.
bowled
An 'out' which is achieved by a delivery hitting the batter's stumps, whether or not touched by the bat. Rather like baseball's "strike-out".
Bowling average
The (average) number of runs scored off a bowler per every wicket he takes.
break
A change in direction of a ball, after it is bounced by the bowler.
bumper
A ball that is bounced high enough to hit a batter's head or shoulders; cricket's equivalent of the 'beanball'.
bye(s)

Run(s) scored on wild deliveries. i.e. when the ball goes past the wicket-keeper/catcher without having been touched by the batter, and runs can be scored (much like stolen bases on wild pitches in baseball). The runs are added to the team total as "extras", but not credited to batters... nor charged to bowlers.
Caught (out)
An out resulting from a hit caught by a fielder in the air before touching the ground.
chinaman
A left-hander's googly ( see definition of 'googly', below) a delivery that looks as if it could break TOWARDSs a right-handed batter on the bounce, but breaks AWAY instead. So called because the first person to have delivered such a ball was of Chinese extraction, in the West Indies!
cover drive
A drive (see definition) that is hit away from the batter's body along the ground.
cutter , leg- or off-
A fast delivery where a slashing arm action rather than wrist or finger spin is used to get a slight break off the bounce. Depending on the direction of the break, it can be called a leg-cutter or off-cutter.

D-G

declaration
In Test matches, a decision by the captain of a batting side to stop batting and put the other side in to bat. Usually done to allow enough time to win a game.
double century
An individual score of 200 runs or more by a batter.
Draw
In a Test match or game of two innings, a situation where neither side wins. The first team's total is not surpassed, but the innings are not completed. (No draws are allowed in limited-over games).
drive
A hit executed by the batter in which he swings the bat in a long arc, much like teeing off at golf, and sends the ball in one of several possible directions.
duck
An individual score of nought. i.e. The score of a batter who is 'out' without scoring a single run.
Economy rate
The average number of earned runs scored off a bowler per over that he bowls. A measure of bowling efficiency.
follow on
In a full two-innings game, where the team batting second is asked to bat again because its first innings total is far behind that of the other team.
four
A shot that reaches the fence, counting as four runs.
full toss
A delivery that reaches the batter without a bounce, like a baseball pitch.
glide
A hit which is executed like a drive (see definition) but is angled to go behind the batter on his off side (see definition).
good length, or good-length delivery
A delivery which bounces just outside the batter's maximum forward reach (i.e. half a metre from the wickets, depending upon batter's height). These pdeliveries are the hardest for a batter to hit, because he cannot decide whether to step forward or if he should step back and give himself the maximum distance from the bounce, to see what the ball might be doing.
googly
A ball which is bowled with baseball's "screwball" grip but reverse finger spin to look like a leg-break (see definition) that should move across and AWAY from the batter, but actually moves in the OPPOSITE direction TOWARD the batter like an off-break (see definition), after it bounces. (also see definition of "chinaman").

H-L

half century
An individual score of 50 runs or more by a batter.
Hat trick
Getting three batters 'out' in three successive deliveries, believed to be so called because in the 17th century, a bowler who accomplished the feat was rewarded by an immediate bonus, collected by passing a hat among gathered spectators.
hook
A hit that is executed by the batter swinging his bat around his body, and following up with a complete body turn, usually pivoting on one foot. Works best on a delivery that is moving away from the batter on his 'leg side' (see definition).
innings
The total number of runs scored by a team during its time batting.
innings victory
In a full two-innings game, a victory where one team scores more runs in a single innings than its opponent does in two.
inswing
A delivery that moves into a batter in the air, like baseball's curve ball.
"It is not cricket"
An expression meaning, any action that is deceptive, unfair or underhanded. i.e. contrary to the spirit in which cricket is supposed to be played.
late cut
A hit that is executed by a batter by deflecting the ball in a slicing motion, just before it reaches the wicket keeper or catcher.
lbw
A delivery which is intercepted by a batter's body before it hits the stumps. An umpire will rule the batter 'out' if he is sure that the stumps would have been hit.
leg break
A delivery that is thrown almost like baseball's 'screwball', and breaks into a batter's body off the bounce, from the batter's 'leg side'.
leg bye
Run(s) scored when the ball hits the batter's legs, and goes off into the field . The runs are added to the team total as 'extras', but not credited to batters, nor charged to bowlers. NOTE: leg-byes are not allowed when there is an 'lbw' dismissal (see definition), or if the ball has been intentionally kicked or deflected by the batter.
leg glance
A hit consisting of a deflection around the batter's legs, of a ball past the wicket keeper and behind him.
leg side
The half of the field, as bisected by a line joining the wickets and extended both ways, where the batter's legs are placed. Also called 'on side'.(see definition of 'off and on side' and pic, below).
lofted drive
A 'drive' (see definition) where the ball is lofted (hit in the air) to clear infield or midfield positions.
long hop or short pitch
A delivery that is bounced far away from the batter, so it reaches the batter after a long hop, or bounce.

M-Q

maiden over
A set of six deliveries by a bowler in which no runs are scored.
night watchman
In matches lasting two or more days, a lower order batter who is sent in to stall for time late in the evening, so the more experienced batters can bat the following day.
no-ball
A delivery where the bowler has crossed the line he is supposed to bowl from behind, or violated some other rule. When an umpire calls 'no ball', the batter cannot be out except when runout
ODI
A One-Day International, an official limited-over cricket game (typically 50 overs per team) where the contenders are accredited national teams.
off-break
a delivery which, after bouncing, "breaks" into the batter's body from his off side (see definition below for "off side").
off drive
A drive (see definition) which is executed at about a 45-degree angle to the line of the wickets, on the batter's off side (see definition).
off side
that half of the field, as bisected by a line joining the wickets and extended both ways, which is in front of and away from the batter, i.e. the other half of the field (as opposed to his "leg" or "on" side).
on drive
A drive (see definition) which is executed at about a 45-degree angle to the line of the wickets, on the batter's on or leg side (see definition)
opening batsman
One of the first two batters sent in to start a team's innings.
outswing
A delivery which moves down and away from the batter in the air, like baseball's "slider".
over
The set of six pitches delivered from one wicket to the other by a pitcher.
over-pitched delivery
A delivery which is pitched so far forward that the batter can reach the point where it bounced by a forward step.
Partnership, stand
Used to indicate the number of runs scored by both batters at the crease, between one 'out' and the next one. For example, 'a partnership of 100 runs for the third wicket' would mean that 100 runs were scored by both batters between the second and third 'out'.
pull
A hit executed by a batter "pulling" an off-side pitch (see definition) around his body towards his other (i.e.on, or leg) side (see definition).

R-V

run out
An 'out' which consists of the fielder striking the wickets towards which a runner is headed, before he gets to it.
run rate
The rate at which runs are being scored per over in an innings.
seamer
A faster delivery with the seam straight, and which can slide in the air or 'break' unexpectedly.
six
A hit that flies over the fence without a bounce, scoring six runs.
Spin (bowler)
A kind of delivery, usually at slow speed, where fingers or/and wrist are used to impart spin to the ball to achieve 'breaks' (see definition).
square cut
A hit that looks like a slash across the body, used by batter to hit the ball 'square' to his batting position.
Sticky Wicket
A field which is partly dry and partly wet, creating a treacherous and uncertain bounce which makes the batter's life difficult.
Stonewall
To bat only to stop the bowler from hitting the sticks, without attempting to score. A defensive tactic.
strike rate
The number of earned runs scored by a batter per deliveries actually faced by him.
stumped
An 'out' which is made by the wicket-keeper, catching the batter out of his ground when he is trying to hit and misses.
sweep
A hit executed towards his leg or on side, by sweeping his bat around his body.
tail-ender
The last two or three batters in a team's batting order. The 'tail wags' if these batters manage to score a significant amount of runs!
take guard
What a batter does when he first goes in to bat, i.e. he asks the umpire for guidance, and marks his position where he wishes to stand when batting.
Test Match
An official two-inning match between two accredited national teams, usually spread over 5 playing days (30 hours).
ton or century
An individual score of 100 runs or more by a batter.
triple century
An individual score of 300 runs or more by a batter.

W-Z

wicket(s)
The terms 'wicket', and 'wickets', are used in different and important ways. 'The wicket' is the strip of field between the two sets of stumps. 'A wicket', used as singular or plural, is a count of the number of 'outs' in an innings, so '85 for 6 wickets' means 85 runs scored, for 6 'outs'. 'The wicket', also refers to the set of three sticks or stumps marking the base, as in 'He stood in front of the wickets'.
wicket keeper
the position equivalent to baseball's catcher".
wicket maiden
a "maiden over" (see definition) where one or more "outs" such as "bowled" or "caught out" (see definitions) also occur.
wide ball
A delivery that travels too far from the batter for him to have a reasonable chance of hitting it. The bowler has bowl the delivery again, and a penalty run is scored for the batting team.
Win by 'x' wickets
The number of wickets, or "outs", that the team batting second has in hand when it passed the first team's total score. A "win by 10 wickets", meaning no member of the second batting team was out, is an overwhelming victory: a "win by ONE wicket", meaning only the last out was left to the second team, a very narrow one!
Win by 'x' runs
The number of runs by which the team batting second falls short of the mark set by the first team, either because it has had 10 batters out or because (in a limited overs game) time ran out.
yorker
An "overpitch" delivery (see definition) which is thrown so far forward as to bounce right under the batter's bat, and beat him.


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