Cricket Australia

http://www.cricket.com.au/get-involved/play-cricket/how-to-play/spirit-of-cricket

Spirit of Cricket

The laws of cricket clearly explain the expectations of how participants will behave on the field, and they also outline sanctions should these expectations not be met. The below explanation is taken from the MCC Laws of Cricket, which is universally applied across all countries and cultures.

"Cricket is a game that owes much of its unique appeal to the fact that it should be played not only within its Laws but also within the Spirit of the Game."

Any action which is seen to abuse this spirit causes injury to the game itself. The major responsibility for ensuring the spirit of fair play rests with the captains. There are two laws which place the responsibility for the team's conduct firmly on the captain.

  1. "Responsibility of captains: The captains are responsible at all times for ensuring that play is conducted within the Spirit of the Game as well as within the Laws."
  2. "Player’s conduct: In the event of a player failing to comply with instructions by an umpire, or criticising by word or action the decisions of an umpire, or showing dissent, or generally behaving in a manner which might bring the game into disrepute, the umpire concerned shall in the first place report the matter to the other umpire and to the player's captain, and instruct the latter to take action."

Fair and unfair play

According to the Laws the umpires are the sole judges of fair and unfair play. The umpires may intervene at any time and it is the responsibility of the captain to take action where required.

Umpires are authorised to intervene in cases of:

  • Time wasting
  • Damaging the pitch
  • Dangerous or unfair bowling
  • Tampering with the ball
  • Any other action that they consider to be unfair

The Spirit of the Game involves RESPECT for:

  • Your opponents
  • Yur own captain and team
  • The role of the umpires
  • The game and its traditional values

It is against the Spirit of the Game:

  • To dispute an umpire's decision by word, action or gesture
  • To direct abusive language towards an opponent or umpire
  • To indulge in cheating or any sharp practice, for instance:
    (a) to appeal knowing that the batsman is not out
    (b) to advance towards an umpire in an aggressive manner when appealing
    (c) to seek to distract an opponent either verbally or by harassment with persistent clapping or unnecessary noise under the guise of enthusiasm and motivation of one's own side

Violence: There is no place for any act of violence on the field of play.

Players

Captains and umpires together set the tone for the conduct of a cricket match. Every player is expected to make an important contribution to this.

The players, umpires and scorers in a game of cricket may be of either gender and the Laws apply equally to both.
The use, throughout the text, of pronouns indicating the male gender is purely for brevity. Except where specifically stated otherwise, every provision of the Laws is to be read as applying to women and girls equally as to men and boys.

The Spirit of Cricket in Australian Domestic Competitions

The importance of the Spirit of Cricket is recognised in Australia with the Ritchie Benaud Spirit of Cricket Awards, which are awarded each season to the interstate men’s and women’s teams who are voted as having played in the best spirit and with the greatest respect for the game. The umpires cast votes for each team following every match using a 0-12 scale, 0 being very poor and 12 being exceptionally good.

Past winners of the award are as follows:
Men’s Senior Domestic [The winner of the men’s award is the state who has the best combined score from the three formats of interstate cricket]
2010-11 Western Australia
2009-10 South Australia
2008-09 Queensland
2007-08 Western Australia
2006-07 South Australia
2005-06 Queensland
2004-05 Tasmania
2003-04 South Australia

Women’s Senior Domestic
2010-11 NSW Breakers won both WNCL and WNCLT20
2009-10 NSW Breakers won WNCL, QLD Fire won WNCL T20
2008-09 VIC Spirit
2007-08 NSW Breakers
2006-07 VIC Spirit, Western Fury (Prize Shared)
2005-06 NSW Breakers, SA Scorpions and Western Fury (Prize Shared)
2004-05 NSW Breakers, QLD Fire and SA Scorpions (Prize Shared)
2003-04 QLD Fire and Southern Scorpions (Prize Shared)

The full criteria of how the umpires vote for the Ritchie Benaud Spirit of Cricket awards is outlined in the below extract from the umpire voting form:

Please circle the rating of each team for the Spirit of Cricket Award using the following scores. The rating is to be determined between both umpires. The umpires shall award scores of 4, 3, 2, 1 or 0 in assessing a team’s Spirit of Cricket for a match in the following categories:

        1. Respect for opponents
        Did the players AND team officials demonstrate respect under The Preamble for their opponents?

        2. Respect for the role of the umpires
        Did the players AND team officials demonstrate respect under The Preamble for the role of the umpire? Did the players
        accept the umpire’s decisions throughout the match? Was there any undue pressure placed on the umpire?

        3. Respect for the game
        Did the players AND team officials demonstrate respect under The Preamble for the game’s traditional values?

        A team can be awarded up to 4 points for each of the above categories, therefore the MAXIMUM total score per
        match is 12.

        NOTE: this includes players AND team officials

        VOTE DESCRIPTORS

        Votes will be allocated on the following basis in each category:
        4 points Well above expectations – multiple examples of positive behaviour
        3 points Above expectations – limited examples of positive behaviour
        2 points Met expectations
        1 point Below expectations – limited examples of negative behaviour
        0 points Well below expectations – multiple examples of negative behaviour

        Met Expectations is that a good level of respect is shown to all game participants throughout the match, including the
        post-match meeting.

        The following specific areas/behaviours would be considered in each area:
        1. Respect for opponents
        Behaviour which was demonstrated included:
        • Acknowledgement of milestones
        • Courtesy and professionalism by captain/team
        • Demeanour of any interaction
        • Walking when a fielder claims a catch without needing an umpire’s decision
        • Not claiming a catch where confusion exists
        • “Sledging”

        2. Respect for the role of the umpires
        Behaviour which was demonstrated included:
        • Communication with officials, including verbally
        • Discussion of decisions, including dissent
        • Excessive appealing
        • Advancing the umpire when appealing
        • Appealing when knowing is not out
        • Actions by captain when required

        3. Respect for the game
        Behaviour which was demonstrated included:
        • Interaction with match officials (curators, scorers, staff, media etc.)
        • Respect for venue and facilities
        • Role of the captain
        • Provision of Over Rates
        • Application of CA Policies & Playing Conditions
        • Audible obscenity

        ADDITIONAL VOTES

        -2 Points for Level One Offences (per offence)
        -4 Points for Level Two Offences (per offence)
        Minimum score = 0

        Final Score = 0 if there are any Level Three or Four offences

        Awarded by CA management to a team for each player/official who is reported and found guilty of a breach of
        the code of behaviour.

        Umpires will not award these negative scores. They will be applied by CA management after final outcomes of any hearings.

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